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Major topics covered include: (i) Introduction to animal evolution, anatomy and physiology; (ii) Introduction to plant diversity, anatomy and physiology and (iii) Introduction to ecology. The animal section focuses on the evolutionary origins, adaptive characteristics and diversity of animals, and gives an introduction to the physiological functions necessary for life. The second part of the course focuses on plants and introduces plant diversity with an emphasis on the diversity and anatomy of flowering plants. Also discussed are plant responses to internal and external stimuli, including plant hormones, and the transport of water and nutrients. The Ecology section reviews succession and climaxes, mineral cycles and energy in ecosystems.