| || |
On successful completion of the module, students should be able to:
- distinguish and evaluate Kantís logical, metaphysical, epistemological, and religious reasons against previous attempts in philosophy to prove the existence of God.
- explain Hegelís account of the dialectical unfolding of the concept of absolute spirit from religion in the form of nature, into religion in the form of art, into religion in the form of absolute manifest religion.
- assess Kierkegaardís concept of the absurd in relation to his philosophy of existence understood in the strong existentialist sense of concrete human individual existence, lived out in the three stages of human existence: the aesthetic, the ethical and the religious.
- appraise central concepts in modern philosophy of religion, such as: alienation and reconciliation (Hegel); faith as the crucifixion of the understanding (Kierkegaard); the feeling of absolute dependence on the infinite (Schleiermacher); the trace of the infinite in the presence of the Ďotherí (Levinas); a metaxological approach to creation out of nothing by the Creator (Desmond).
- recognise different perspectives in modern philosophy of religion through an examination of some of the main rejecters of Hegelís account (e.g. by Kierkegaard, Schleiermacher, Levinas, Desmond) in the development of modern and contemporary philosophy of religion.
- identify and articulate different concepts of theisms, atheisms, nihilisms, finitude and infinitude, and assess their relevance to the evaluation of a particular philosophy of religion after Kant in the modern age.