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This module aims to develop a solid understanding of the theories, methods and experimental evidence in introductory Solid State Physics, including crystallography, thermal, electric, magnetic and optical properties of crystalline solids.
Specific topics that are covered include:
Crystallography: crystal structures, X-ray diffraction, Bragg and Laue diffraction conditions, reciprocal lattice, Brillouin zones.
Thermal properties: vibrations in crystals, monatomic and diatomic chain, acoustical and optical dispersion curves, specific heat models, Dulong and Petit model, Einstein model, Debye model, phonons, phonon-phonon scattering, thermal conductivity.
Magnetic properties: diamagnetism, paramagnetism, ferromagnetism, anti-ferromagnetism, magnetic domains.
Electric properties: free-electron theory, band theory and classification of solids, methods of calculating band structure, Bloch functions, Fermi surfaces, real metals, electron and hole dynamics, intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, carrier mobility.
Optical properties of solids.
This module specifically addresses the following topics of the Core of Physics, as defined by Institute of Physics:
- Calculus to the level of multiple integrals; solution of linear ordinary and differential equations
- Mechanical properties of matter to include elasticity and thermal expansion
- Phonons and heat capacity
- Crystal structure and Bragg scattering
- Electron theory of solids to the level of simple band structure
- Semiconductors and doping
- Magnetic properties of matter
- Waves in linear media to the level of group velocity
- Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac distributions
MP464 cannot be taken together with EP402.