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This module explores two important areas in Chemistry:
(i) Thermodynamics and Equilibrium.
The course starts with the concept of internal energy and changes in the internal energy of reactants and products as a reaction proceeds. The enthalpy function, exothermic and endothermic reactions, Hessí law and bond energies are introduced. The concept of chemical equilibrium and the equilibrium constant is then introduced.
(ii) Chemical Trends in the Periodic Table.
General properties of metals, non-metals and metalloids. Metal and non-metal oxides, and oxide trends across/down the Periodic Table. Chemical Group trends in the s-Block elements. P-Block chemistry: sequential Group discussion (Groups 18-13) to include outer electronic configurations for the Groups and typical chemical reactions of selected main members of the Groups and properties of representative compounds.