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The ancient Roman Republic was a sophisticated society with a culture which still resonates today. Its political fortunes were shaped by such colossal figures as Julius Caesar, Cicero, Cleopatra and Augustus, but it was not just an arena for political debate. This module offers you the chance to explore the lives of the ancient Romans: men and women, children and adults, senators and slaves. It finds them at work and at leisure, presents their myths and heroes, and examines their art and their literature. Finally, the module asks what led such a powerful state to fail. The final century of the Roman Republic saw the rise of popular politics, political infighting, assassination and war, much of it related in the first-hand accounts of the generation who lived through it. How was Caesar greeted on his return from conquering Gaul? What did Cicero really think of Cleopatra? And what was the purpose of Virgil’s epic poem, the Aeneid? All of them had a role in the making and unmaking of Rome.