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This is a PhD level course which provides students with the tools necessary to measure inequality and to understand recent trends in inequality. Students will discuss alternative approaches for measuring inequality, including statistics based approaches, social welfare based measures and axiomatic based measures. The strengths and weaknesses of each approach will be analysed and called upon when considering if one particular measure of inequality can be deemed most appropriate for a given research question. Economic explanations for recent trends in inequality will be examined, including the role of technological change, international trade and institutions. The persistence of inequality both within and across generations will be analysed from both a theoretical and empirical perspective. The final part of the course considers inequality between countries rather than individuals. Throughout the course students will participate in computer labs in which they will learn how to programme in Stata with an emphasis on analysing inequality.