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Conceptual spatial data modeling; Why is working with spatial data different to other types of data and information?
Structured Query Language (SQL);
relational database models for spatial data;
spatial data structures; spatial data integrity; spatial data manipulation;
spatial algorithms used in Geographic Information Systems (GIS);
spatial analysis techniques including statistical approaches for spatially-informed decision making;
spatial data visualisation;
spatial data formats (PostgreSQL PostGIS database, GeoJSON, ESRI Shapefiles, CSV);
alternative database models for geospatial data. Using NoSQL to store and manage spatial data (Key-value stores, document databases, Wide-column stores)
Unstructured geospatial data sources (from social media, from APIs, etc).