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This module provides an advanced foundation to key social theories, especially from the European Enlightenment tradition but also including the work of recent post-structural and postcolonial figures. Social and cultural anthropology draws influences from social theory, and advanced students of anthropology are expected to become familiar with key contributions to understanding what constitutes the human, the range of human diversity, the nature of “nature”, the power of social categories, that the capacity in societies to change or develop alternatives. This module introduces key figures such as Hobbes and Rousseau, together with Marx, Foucault, and contemporary postcolonial writers. Students will be challenged to grapple with different theories, comparing and contrasting theories before developing their own analysis.